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Home >> Publications >> Brief Report: HIV Testing Among Pregnant Women Who Attend Antenatal Care in Malawi.

Publication

Author(s):

Tenthani L, Haas AD, Egger M, Oosterhout JJ, Jahn A, Chimbwandira F, Tal K, Myer L, Estill J, Keiser O.

Pub Title:

Brief Report: HIV Testing Among Pregnant Women Who Attend Antenatal Care in Malawi.

Pub Date:

Aug 15 2015

Pub Region(s):

Southern Africa

Journal:

Title: 
JAIDS- Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Link: 
http://ovidsp.tx.ovid.com/sp-3.17.0a/ovidweb.cgi?WebLinkFrameset=1&S=OICLFPFOJBDDLOCDNCJKAGOBENOKAA00&returnUrl=ovidweb.cgi%3f%26Full%2bText%3dL%257cS.sh.22.23%257c0%257c00126334-201508150-00016%26S%3dOICLFPFOJBDDLOCDNCJKAGOBENOKAA00&directlink=http%3a%2f

PubMed: 25950205

Malawi adopted the Option B+ strategy in 2011. Its success in reducing mother-to-child transmission depends on coverage and timing of HIV testing. We assessed HIV status ascertainment and its predictors during pregnancy. HIV status ascertainment was 82.3% (95% confidence interval: 80.2 to 85.9) in the pre-Option B+ period and 85.7% (95% confidence interval: 83.4 to 88.0) in the Option B+ period. Higher HIV ascertainment was independently associated with higher age, attending antenatal care more than once, and registration in 2010. The observed high variability of HIV ascertainment between sites (50.6%-97.7%) and over time suggests that HIV test kit shortages and insufficient numbers of staff posed major barriers to reducing mother-to-child transmission.

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Citation:

Tenthani L, Haas AD, Egger M, Oosterhout JJ, Jahn A, Chimbwandira F, Tal K, Myer L, Estill J, Keiser O. Brief Report: HIV Testing Among Pregnant Women Who Attend Antenatal Care in Malawi. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2015 Aug 15;69(5):610-4. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000000669. PubMed PMID: 25950205; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4501862.