Characteristics of adults and children diagnosed with tuberculosis in Lilongwe, Malawi: findings from an integrated HIV/TB clinic.
Sep 30 2012
OBJECTIVES: To describe initial registration characteristics of adult and paediatric TB patients at a large, public, integrated TB and HIV clinic in Lilongwe, Malawi, between January 2008 and December 2010.
METHODS: Routine data on patient with TB category and TB type, stratified by HIV and ART status, were used to explore differences in proportions among TB only, TB/HIV co-infected patients not on ART and TB/HIV co-infected patients on ART using chi-square tests. Trends over time illustrate strengths and weaknesses of integrated service provision.
RESULTS: Among 10 143 adults, HIV ascertainment and ART uptake were high and increased over time. The proportion of relapse was highest among those on ART (5%). The proportion of smear-positive pulmonary TB (PTB) was highest among HIV-negative patients with TB (34.9%); extra-pulmonary TB (EPTB) was lowest among TB only (16.2%). Among 338 children <15 years, EPTB and smear-positive PTB were more common among TB-only patients. Time trends showed significant increases in the proportion of adults with smear-positive PTB and the proportion of adults already on ART before starting TB treatment. However, some co-infected patients still delay ART initiation.
CONCLUSIONS: HIV ascertainment and ART uptake among co-infected patients are successful and improving over time. However, delays in ART initiation indicate some weakness linking TB/HIV patients into ART during TB follow-up care. Improved TB diagnostics and screening efforts, especially for paediatric patients, may help improve quality care for co-infected patients. These results may aid efforts to prioritise TB and HIV prevention, education and treatment campaigns for specific populations.
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
PMID: 22808948 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]