LOGIN

International Epidemiology Databases to Evaluate AIDS

Home >> Publications >> HIV infection and the risk of cancers with and without a known infectious cause.

Publication

Author(s):

Silverberg MJ, Chao C, Leyden WA, Xu L, Tang B, Horberg MA, Klein D, Quesenberry CP Jr, Towner WJ, Abrams DI.

Pub Title:

HIV infection and the risk of cancers with and without a known infectious cause.

Pub Date:

Nov 13 2009

Journal Issue:

17

Page Number:
2337-45

Journal:

Title: 
AIDS
Link: 
http://journals.lww.com/aidsonline/pages/articleviewer.aspx?year=2009&issue=11130&article=00011&type=abstract

PubMed: 19741479
Pub PDF: PDF icon 19741479.pdf

Abstract
OBJECTIVE
: To evaluate the risk of cancers with and without a known infectious cause in HIV-infected persons.

DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study.

METHODS: Adult HIV-infected and matched HIV-uninfected members of Kaiser Permanente followed between 1996 and 2007 for incident AIDS-defining cancers (ADCs), infection-related non-AIDS-defining cancers (NADCs; anal squamous cell, vagina/vulva, Hodgkin's lymphoma, penis, liver, human papillomavirus-related oral cavity/pharynx, stomach) and infection-unrelated NADC (all other NADCs).

RESULTS: We identified 20 277 HIV-infected and 202 313 HIV-uninfected persons. HIV-infected persons experienced 552 ADC, 221 infection-related NADC, and 388 infection-unrelated NADC. HIV-uninfected persons experienced 179 ADC, 284 infection-related NADC, and 3418 infection-unrelated NADC. The rate ratio comparing HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected persons for ADC was 37.7 [95% confidence interval (CI): 31.7-44.8], with decreases in the rate ratio over time (P < 0.001). The rate ratio for infection-related NADC was 9.2 (95% CI: 7.7-11.1), also with decreases in the rate ratio over time (P < 0.001). These results were largely influenced by anal squamous cell cancer and Hodgkin's lymphoma. The rate ratio for infection-unrelated NADC was 1.3 (95% CI: 1.2-1.4), with no change in the rate ratio over time (P = 0.44). Among infection-unrelated NADCs, other anal, skin, other head and neck, and lung cancer rates were higher and prostate cancer rates lower in HIV-infected persons. Among all infection-unrelated NADCs, the rate ratio decreased over time only for lung cancer (P = 0.007).

CONCLUSION: In comparison with those without HIV infection, HIV-infected persons are at particular risk for cancers with a known infectious cause, although the higher risk has decreased in the antiretroviral therapy era. Cancers without a known infectious cause are modestly increased in HIV-infected persons compared with HIV-uninfected persons.

PMID: 19741479 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

PMCID: PMC2863991

 
The following websites provide guidelines and policies when citing from PubMed®: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK7243/
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/policy/cit_format.html

Citation:

Silverberg MJ, Chao C, Leyden WA, Xu L, Tang B, Horberg MA, Klein D, Quesenberry CP Jr, Towner WJ, Abrams DI. HIV infection and the risk of cancers with and without a known infectious cause. AIDS. 2009 Nov 13;23(17):2337-45. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0b013e3283319184. PubMed PMID: 19741479; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2863991.