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Publication

Author(s):

Tchounga B1, Ekouevi DK, Balestre E, Dabis F.

Pub Title:

Mortality and survival patterns of people living with HIV-2

Pub Date:

May 31 2016

Pub Region(s):

West Africa

Journal:

Title: 
Curr Opin HIV AIDS
Link: 
http://tinyurl.com/gpbdatj

PubMed: 27254747
Pub PDF:

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: People living with HIV-2 infected usually initiate antiretroviral therapy (ART) at an advanced period in the course of their infection after a long asymptomatic period characterized by high CD4 cell count and thus at a relatively advanced age. In the new international context of early and universal ART initiation, the aim was to review survival patterns among HIV-2 infected patients, either on ART or not.

RECENT FINDINGS: Very few reports were published on mortality in people living with HIV-2 during the last 5 years. People living with HIV-2 experience high mortality rates although lower than people living with HIV-1 before ART initiation. They seem to survive longer regardless of the conditions of ART use. Mortality is associated with late presentation, male sex, CD4 cell count less than 500 cell/μl, high plasma viral load, hemoglobin rate less than 8 g/dl and body mass index less than 18 kg/m.

SUMMARY: People living with HIV-2 initiate ART later than HIV-1 and HIV duals, resulting in higher disease progression and mortality rate. The clinical management of HIV-2 infected patients should now include early diagnosis and treatment initiation as per international guidelines. Further research needs to explore the 'what to start' question and document specific causes of death in people living with HIV-2 and enrolled in care in Africa.

 

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Citation:

Curr Opin HIV AIDS. 2016 May 31. [Epub ahead of print] Mortality and survival patterns of people living with HIV-2. Tchounga B1, Ekouevi DK, Balestre E, Dabis F.