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Home >> Publications >> Validation of a hierarchical deterministic record-linkage algorithm using data from 2 different cohorts of human immunodeficiency virus-infected persons and mortality databases in Brazil.

Publication

Author(s):

Pacheco AG, Saraceni V, Tuboi SH, Moulton LH, Chaisson RE, Cavalcante SC, Durovni B, Faulhaber JC, Golub JE, King B, Schechter M, Harrison LH.

Pub Title:

Validation of a hierarchical deterministic record-linkage algorithm using data from 2 different cohorts of human immunodeficiency virus-infected persons and mortality databases in Brazil.

Pub Date:

Dec 1 2008

Journal Issue:

11

Page Number:
1326-32

Journal:

Title: 
American Journal of Epidemiology
Link: 
http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/content/168/11/1326.long

PubMed: 18849301
Pub PDF: PDF icon 18849301.pdf

Abstract
Loss to follow-up is a major source of bias in cohorts of patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and could lead to underestimation of mortality. The authors developed a hierarchical deterministic linkage algorithm to be used primarily with cohorts of HIV-infected persons to recover vital status information for patients lost to follow-up. Data from patients known to be deceased in 2 cohorts in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and data from the Rio de Janeiro State mortality database for 1999-2006 were used to validate the algorithm. A fully automated procedure yielded a sensitivity of 92.9% and specificity of 100% when no information was missing. When the automated procedure was combined with clerical review, in a scenario of 5% death prevalence and 20% missing mothers' names, sensitivity reached 96.5% and specificity 100%. In a practical application, the algorithm significantly increased death rates and decreased the rate of loss to follow-up in the cohorts. The finding that 23.9% of matched records did not give HIV or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome as the cause of death reinforces the need to search all-cause mortality databases and alerts for possible underestimation of death rates. These results indicate that the algorithm is accurate enough to recover vital status information on patients lost to follow-up in cohort studies.

PMID: 18849301 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

PMCID: PMC2638543

 

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Citation:

Pacheco AG, Saraceni V, Tuboi SH, Moulton LH, Chaisson RE, Cavalcante SC, Durovni B, Faulhaber JC, Golub JE, King B, Schechter M, Harrison LH. Validation of a hierarchical deterministic record-linkage algorithm using data from 2 different cohorts of human immunodeficiency virus-infected persons and mortality databases in Brazil. Am J Epidemiol. 2008 Dec 1;168(11):1326-32. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwn249. Epub 2008 Oct 9. PubMed PMID: 18849301; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2638543.