Keri N Althoff, Kelly A Gebo, Stephen J Gange, Marina B Klein, John T Brooks, Robert S Hogg, Ronald J Bosch, Michael A Horberg, Michael S Saag, Mari M Kitahata, Joseph J Eron, Sonia Napravnik, Sean B Rourke, M J Gill, Benigno Rodriguez, Timothy R Sterling, Steven G Deeks, Jeffrey N Martin, Lisa P Jacobson, Gregory D Kirk, Ann C Collier, Constance A Benson, Michael J Silverberg, James J Goedert, Rosemary G McKaig, Jennifer Thorne, Anita Rachlis, Richard D Moore, and Amy C Justice (2010)
CD4 count at presentation for HIV care in the United States and Canada: Are those over 50 years more likely to have a delayed presentation?
AIDS Research and Therapy, 7(1):45.
ABSTRACT: We assessed CD4 count at initial presentation for HIV care among ≥50-year-olds from 1997-2007 in 13 US and Canadian clinical cohorts and compared to 50-year-olds. 44,491 HIV-infected individuals in the North American AIDS Cohort Collaboration on Research and Design (NA-ACCORD) were included in our study. Trends in mean CD4 count (measured as cells/mm3) and 95\% confidence intervals ([,]) were determined using linear regression stratified by age category and adjusted for gender, race/ethnicity, HIV transmission risk and cohort. From 1997-2007, the proportion of individuals presenting for HIV care who were ≥50-years-old increased from 17\% to 27\% (p-value 0.01). The median CD4 count among ≥50 year-olds was consistently lower than younger adults. The interaction of age group and calendar year was significant (p-value 0.01) with both age groups experiencing modest annual improvements over time ( 50-year-olds: 5 [4 , 6] cells/mm3; ≥50-year-olds: 7 [5 , 9] cells/mm3), after adjusting for sex, race/ethnicity, HIV transmission risk group and cohort; however, increases in the two groups were similar after 2000. A greater proportion of older individuals had an AIDS-defining diagnosis at, or within three months prior to, first presentation for HIV care compared to younger individuals (13\% vs. 10\%, respectively). Due to the increasing proportion, consistently lower CD4 counts, and more advanced HIV disease in adults ≥50-year-old at first presentation for HIV care, renewed HIV testing efforts are needed.